2002 Basic Education Curriculum is a restructuring and not a sweeping
change of the elementary and secondary curricula (NESC and NSEC).
This document presents the goals of the curriculum, the rationale
for its restructuring and its philosophy, basic features and conceptual
Legal Bases for Philippines Basic Education
The goal, objectives, structures and content of the 2002 Curriculum
are in compliance with the 1987 Constitution of the republic of
the Philippines, the 2001 Governance of Basic Education Act, and
the 1982 Education Act.
section I, The state shall protect and promote the right of al
the citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take
appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all.
Article XIV, Section
2 (1). The state shall establish, maintain and support complete,
adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs
of the people and societies.
Section 2 (4). The state shall encourage the non-formal, in formal
and indigenous learning system, as well as self-learning, independent
and out-of –school study programs particularly those that
respond to community needs.
XIV, Section 3 (2) States that the school.
Shall inculcate patriotism
and nationalism, foster love of humanity, respect for human rights
appreciation of the role of national heroes in the historical
development of the country, teach the rights and duties of citizenship
strengthen ethical and spiritual values, develop moral character
and personal discipline, encourage critical and creative thinking,
broaden scientific and technological knowledge and promote vocational
Governance of Basic Education Act of 2001 provides the general
goal of basic education to development the Filipino learners by
providing them basic competencies in literacy and numeric, critical
thinking and learning skills and desirable values to become caring,
self reliant, productive, socially aware, patriotic and responsible